Dentures and Appliance Therapies
Dental Appliances are commonly removable devices that sit inside the mouth and are used to help treat a variety of dental issues. The most common and well known removable dental appliances are dentures, which are used to replace missing teeth. These days, however there is an ever growing list of dental appliances to assist in a variety of dental treatments, such as to help prevent snoring or sport injuries. At Robertson Dental Innovations we provide a growing range of these appliances to assists our patients.
Dentures are one of the most common form of tooth replacement options. At Robertson Dental Innovations we continue to offer denture services including denture/implant options. Our team completes dentures to our usual high-standards working in conjunction with local labs and denture fabricators. The dentures are made in Australia.
Denture Treatment Types
At Robertson Dental Innovations we offer a variety of denture types and techniques;
- Denture base types:- There are two types of material used to make the base of the dentures. Each type has its own advantages and disadvantages.
- Acrylic: Acrylic bases are made of a pink (gum shade) plastic. This base is generally cheaper but isn’t as strong as the Chrome Cobalt base (see below).
- Chrome Cobalt: Chrome bases are made from metal. These bases are much stronger than the Acrylic alternatives. It is important to note that although the base is metal, the teeth are held in place using gum coloured acrylic plastic, making the denture less visible.
- Aesthetic “Suck-Down” Temporary Denture Base: The third type of “base” is a clear plastic mouthguard-like device used in our Aesthetic “Suck-Down” Temporary Dentures (see below). These dentures are only designed to be temporary and as such these bases do not last in the medium to long term. In fact, they are normally only used as part of implant treatment.
- Denture types and retention options:-
- Partial Dentures: Partial Dentures replace everything from a single tooth to 10 or more teeth. They can be used in many ways with one denture able to replace teeth on either side of the dental arch. These dentures are usually held in place with clasps attached to the other teeth remaining in the mouth, but they can be held in place with implants.
- Full Dentures: Full Dentures replace an entire dental arch, replacing all the teeth in the top or bottom of the patients’ mouth. These dentures are loosely held in place by the shape of the gum. This denture type benefits most from having implants to hold the denture in place.
- Aesthetic “Suck-Down” Temporary Denture : Used a temporary measure to cover a missing tooth for aesthetic reasons, these dentures look like a clear mouthguard with a denture tooth in it. These dentures are held in place by sliding the denture on to the teeth either side of the missing tooth.
- Implants and dentures:- Dental Implants were originally designed to help hold dentures in place. At Robertson Dental Innovations we are one of the few practices that offers this service. There are two types of denture implant options:
- Denture Retain: This option allows the implants to hold the denture in place.
- Denture Support: This option allows the implants to not only hold the denture in-place but also provide a stronger bite force to the denture.
- For more information on dentures and implants please see our Dental Implants and Oral Surgery page.
Denture Treatment Outline
Each denture case is different, but each case is carefully planned to achieve the best overall outcome and result. Typically an outline of appointments for standard (non-implant) new denture would be:-
- Consult:- The first appointment would be a consultation with the dentist. At this appointment the various treatment options (such as base type, how many teeth etc) will be discussed. Impressions may also be taken for a Special Tray or the denture itself. An overall treatment plan (with costs) will be provided at the end of this appointment. This consult can done as a part of a regular 6monthly check-up.
- Removal of teeth (if required):- At this appointment the dentist will remove any teeth requested to be placed on the denture.
- Impressions for Special Tray (if required):- In most cases a standard impression tray can be used for dental treatment. As every patient is different sometimes a customised impression tray (called a Special Tray) is required. Impressions are taken in the standard trays which are then used to create a customised impression tray to take impressions for the denture.
- Impressions for Denture:- At this appointment an impression is taken of both the upper and lower parts of the mouth. These impressions are then “poured-up” to create plaster models of mouth and jaw. These models are then sent to lab for the denture to be created.
- Try-in (Framework) (if required):- This appointment usually occurs with a Chrome Cobalt Metal Denture base. At the appointment the denture base is inserted into the mouth to make sure the base fits correctly. The base is then sent on to the lab again for the teeth to be added.
- Try-in (Teeth) (if required):- If required, at this appointment the denture is again placed into the mouth and checked to see the teeth are aligned correctly and the base fits correctly. At this appointment the teeth are only temporarily held in place with dental wax, making it easier to adjust if needed.
- Final Try-In (if required):- At this appointment the near-completed denture is again placed into the mouth. The shape, size and fitting of the denture are all checked. The denture may be then sent back to the lab for any last minute adjustments or completion. If the dentue is fitting correctly, with no further adjustments required, this appointment would also include the final Fit of Denture appointment (see below) as well.
- Fit of Denture:- At this final appointment the denture is placed in the mouth, triple checked for fit. Instruction and tips on how to take care of and use the denture are provided by the dentist. If any further treatments are required (e.g. relines see below), the dentist will advise at this appointment.
Additional Denture Treatments
- Please Note:- At Robertson Dental Innovations we can also provide denture treatment options for:
- Additions; Adding teeth and/or more base to a denture.
- Immediate Additions; Adding teeth to a denture, to replace the teeth extracted on the same day.
- Denture Repairs; Repairing broken dentures.
- Denture Relines; Reshaping the denture and it’s base for a better fit.
- Denture Cleans; Cleaning dentures in a dental laboratory.
Appliance Therapies are used at Robertson Dental Innovations to assist in the treatment of various dental and related conditions. All the appliance therapies offered at Robertson Dental Innovations are removable enabling patients to remove the devices as needed.
At Robertson Dental Innovations we offer the current Appliance Therapies for the following conditions:
Used for protection of teeth in sport. Dental trauma can occur in a number of ways and playing sport without a proper mouthguard is one of the most common ways for this to occur, especially when playing contact sports. At Robertson Dental Innovations we recommend wearing a customised sports mouthguard when participating in sports. Store brought “boil-wear” mouthguards can sometimes cause more damage than wearing nothing at all, which is why it’s best to get a mouthguard design for your teeth made by your dental professional.
Used for the treatment of Bruxism (teeth grinding). Bruxism is the technical term for grinding teeth together and clenching the jaw. This usually occurs at night, and can cause damage and wear to the teeth. A splint or night-guard is a device similar to a sports mouthguard that can be placed on the upper or lower teeth and prevent the teeth from damaging each other. It is important to note that although the splints resemble mouthguards, a mouthguard cannot be used in place of a splint. To do so will cause further damage to the teeth and dental structure.
Mandibular Advancement Splints (MAS)
Used to treat Sleep Apnoea and Snoring. Snoring can be a sign of the much more serious condition called Sleep Apnoea. Sleep Apnoea is when the airway becomes blocked during sleep, leading to a period of little-to-no oxygen supplied to the body. This is often accompanied by an audible “GASP”, when the airway is reopened. A person can have multiple Apnoea’s in a night and not even realise. One method of treating these conditions is through the use of an Mandibular Advancement Splint (MAS). A MAS is like two mouthguards (one for the top teeth, one for the bottom) which are worn at the same time. The winglets on the MAS hold the jaw forward, preventing the jaw from sliding backwards over the airway. For more information about Sleep Apnoea and snoring please click here.
Used in Orthodontics. All Orthodontic treatment consists of two stages, active and passive. The active stage is when the braces or the removable orthodontic device are used to move and position the teeth. The equally as important passive stage is when Orthodontic Retainers are used to prevent relapse and hold the newly positioned teeth in place. At Robertson Dental Innovations we can provide options for both fixed or removable retainers.
Appliance Therapies Treatment Outlines
As each type of appliance therapy case treats different conditions with different devices, each case is unique. There are some basic similarities with these cases and in a broad sense a typical outline of appointments is provide below:-
- Consult:-At this first appointment the dentist or dental therapist/hygienist will diagnose the condition and discuss the various appliance therapies for the condition. This appointment may occur as part of a patient’s regular dental check-ups.
- Further Diagnosis (if required):- In some cases (like with an MAS), further diagnosis might be required. This may include an appointment with another dentist, dental related specialist or testing facility like a sleep lab.
- Impressions for Device:- After confirmation of the diagnosis, impressions of both the upper and lower teeth arches are taken and these are then sent on the lab for fabrication of the device. These impressions can occur as part of the consult with some devices.
- Fit of Device:- Once the laboratory has fabricated the device, it will be sent back to the dentist for fitting. At this appointment the device will be fitted in the mouth and the patient will be shown how to; use, maintain and take care of the device.
- Review of Device (if required):- In some cases a set of reviews is required as part of the treatment provided using the device. If this is the case the patient will be advised of any reviews at the first appointment.
- Please Note:- The above is a very basic outline, some treatment types will require more appointments, others (such as mouthguards) will require less.
Increasingly the Dentures and Dental Appliances provided by Robertson Dental Innovations are fabricated on-site using our RDI Dental Lab.
Please contact our Reception teams on the numbers below if you have any questions about the information contained on this page or if you wish to make an appointment with us. New patients are always welcome, even if it is only to provide a second opinion.
For more information about the Appliance Therapy and Denture options provided at Robertson Dental Innovations, please see Our Services and Downloads pages, or contact our reception staff on (03) 5444 4924 (Dental Innovations on Sternberg) or (03) 5442 8640 (Dental Innovations on Condon).
We also have dental payment plan options from Smile Choice, ask the reception team for more details.